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Medical Toxicology Image Library K

Kalmia Latifolia (mountain laurel)


Drexel Toxicology Image Library - Kerosene
Kerosene, also called paraffin, is a combustible hydrocarbon derived from petroleum used as a fuel in household lamps, cooking equipment and in jet plane fuel. Toxicity with hydrocarbons generally occurs via inhalation with pulmonary aspiration and chemical pneumonitis being the primary manifestations.

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Kona Kava

Drexel Toxicology Image Library - Kona Kava    Drexel Toxicology Image Library - Kona Kava
Kona Kava (Kona coffee)- Coffee arabica which is cultivated on the slopes of Hualalai and Mauna Loa in Hawaii. Excessive moisture in this coffee allows for the growth of ochratoxin A, a toxin produced by various Aspergillus and Penicillium species. This toxin has been shown to be hepatotoxic and carcinogenic in mice, showing an increased incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Additionally, in male mice there was an increased incidence of renal cell carcinoma. Ochratoxin A is also a neurotoxin, having a high affinity for Purkinje cells in the cerebellum as well as for the hippocampus (potential link with Alzheimer's).

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