Epidemiology and Biostatistics
BA, Government, College of William and Mary; SM, Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health; ScD, Epidemiology and Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health
Dr. Michael received her ScD in Epidemiology and Health and Social Behavior from the Harvard School of Public Health, SM in Health and Social Behavior from the Harvard School of Public Health and BA in Government from the College of William and Mary. Dr. Michael’s research is focused on three primary areas: active aging, women’s health, and health disparities. The unifying theme across these research areas is the use of epidemiology as a method of inquiry to identify social characteristics of communities and individuals and describe the impact of these factors on population health.
- Social Epidemiology
- Epidemiology of Aging
- Women’s Health
- Neighborhoods and Health
- Health Disparities
See Dr. Michael's Google Scholar profile for a full list of publications:
Systemic Observation Research: Overview, Protocols, & Links
SWEAT: Senior Walking Environment Assessment Tool
To objectively evaluate the walkability of the neighborhood built environment for older adults. The SWEAT instrument was organized into four broad topic areas: (1) Functionality reflects structural aspects of the environment, including types of buildings, sidewalks, and buffer zone (or verge); (2) Safety reflects personal (e.g., adequate lighting) and traffic safety (e.g., speed); (3) Aesthetics items reflect the quality and visual appeal of the surroundings; and (4) Destination refers to the availability of services, transportation, and parking in the neighborhood. This tool was revised as SWEAT-R in 2009
Cunningham GO, Michael YL, Farquhar SA, Lapidus J. "Developing a reliable senior walking environmental assessment tool." American journal of preventive medicine 29.3 (2005): 215-217.
Michael YL, Keast EM, Chaudhury H, Day K, Mahmood A, Sarte AFI. Revising the senior walking environmental assessment tool. Preventive medicine 48.3 (2009): 247-249.
Observation Form and Protocol
Observation Form: Senior Walking Environmental Assessment Tool (SWEAT-R)
Training Manual/Protocol available via email request.