Math Colloquium: Vanishing Vector-Valued Logarithmic Residues and Unusual Cantor Sets
Wednesday, May 30, 2018
3:00 PM-4:00 PM
Harm Bart, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Abstract: A basic result from complex function theory states that the logarithmic residue (i.e., the contour integral of the logarithmic derivative) of a scalar analytic function can only vanish when the function has no zeros inside the contour.
Question: does this result generalize to the (possibly infinite dimensional) vector-valued case?
Assuming that the functions in question take values in a complete normed linear algebra, the answer can vary. Positive results have been obtained for large classes of such algebras, among them the commutative (more generally, the polynomial identity) ones.
There is a close connection between logarithmic residues and sums of idempotents. Pursuing this connection, negative answers to the above question have come up via the construction of non-trivial zero sums of a finite number of idempotents.
It is intriguing that only five idempotents are needed in all known examples. The idempotent constructions relate to deep problems concerning the geometry of Banach spaces and general topology. In particular a novel approach to the construction of Cantor type sets plays a role.
The talk – accessible to non-specialists – reports on joint work with Torsten Ehrhardt (Santa Cruz, California) and Bernd Silbermann (Chemnitz, Germany).
Academic Building, Room 302, 101 N 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104