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General Accounting Office

Fiscal Year 2023 Accrual and Deferral Process

Accrual and Deferral Process and Timeline

The handling of prepaid expense deferrals and expense accruals will be consistent with the last seven fiscal years.  General Accounting processes all prepaid expense deferrals and accruals for all of Drexel University and its subsidiaries.

Prepaid Expenses

Drexel University accrues prepaid expenses based on a minimum invoice threshold of $25,000.  The Academy of Natural Sciences and Drexel University Online (DUO), utilize a minimum invoice threshold of $5,000 for deferring prepaid expenses. To be considered for a prepaid deferral entry, the expense must exceed the appropriate threshold and the period in which the expense benefits must cross over a fiscal year. The amount of the prepaid expense deferral will be equal to the portion that benefits the future fiscal year. The prepaid amount will be credited to your current expenses, then charged to the subsequent fiscal year in July or August of that year. If expenditure falls below the thresholds for the respective entities, it will be fully expensed when paid.

The current practice defers the portion of the expense that relates to the future fiscal year in the month the invoice is paid and then reverses the prepaid expense in its entirety early in the new fiscal year.

Prepaid expense deferrals can happen at any time of the year.  Typically, the Accounts Payable team enters a comment in Smart Source to alert General Accounting to a prepaid deferral situation.  These items are deferred at that time, but depending upon the time of the year, the new fiscal year may not be open in Banner to process the reversal in the new year.  In those cases, the deferred amount related to FY24 will be fully recognized on or before Period 03 of the new fiscal year. 

For prepaids that overlap multiple fiscal years, General Accounting keeps a schedule of these items and will recognize the appropriate amount related to FY24 by the end of Period 03 of FY24.

Example: Department A at Drexel University has a journal subscription for $30,000 that starts on January 1, 2023, and expires on December 31, 2023. In this scenario, Accounts Payable will pay the invoice when received and charge the entire amount to the FOAPAL/fund identified on the purchase order or check request. They will inform General Accounting that the invoice is over $25,000 and crosses fiscal years via a Smart Source comment. General Accounting will then create a journal entry in FY23 to defer as a prepaid expense the $15,000 relating to the July 1 - December 31, 2023, period. This will result in the FOAPAL/fund initially charged for the subscription having a net expense of $15,000 in FY23. Prior to Period 03 of FY24, General Accounting will reverse the full amount of the deferred expense. This will charge/debit your FY24 expenses for the subscription expense of $15,000 relating to that period. General Accounting will notify the department that requisitioned the item in Smart Source of the amount being deferred using a comment in that system.

Accrued Expenses

Drexel University, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and DUO must accrue all expenses for goods and services that were received on or before June 30 of each fiscal year. For the fiscal year 2023 close, we will follow the schedule listed below for all expenses. Consistent with the fiscal year 2022 close, when the entry for the accrual is processed by General Accounting, the reversal for the accrued amount will be automatically reversed in the current period of the new fiscal year.

After the year-end roll of encumbrances and balances on Friday, July 7, 2023, Accounts Payable will begin the accrual process for invoices relating to FY23. All invoices will be entered in the new fiscal year in the current period, with an invoice date of June 30 or prior. Departments should not submit accruals for transactions that have corresponding invoices being processed by Accounts Payable during the period of July 8 through August 12, 2023. If a department does not see an accrual within 5 business days for an item that they know they have received in FY23 on their FOAPAL/fund, please contact genaccting@drexel.edu and ask to have a member of the General Accounting staff review the transactions. Please allow 5 business days for an accrual to be processed after it hits your account in the new fiscal year.

Department administrators must send to General Accounting any expense accruals for good received or services provided during FY23 that they know will not be invoiced prior to August 12, 2023. The posting of accruals by General Accounting for goods and services without invoices will be subject to the dollar thresholds outlined below. A journal entry should be submitted via Journal Entry Workflow 3.0 for the FY 2023 accrual using a June 30, 2023 date. A corresponding reversing entry should also be submitted using a date of July 1, 2023 or later (i.e. a date in FY24) and referencing the original journal workflow entry number in the document reference field.  Submitting separate entries for the accrual and its corresponding reversal will ensure that your accrual is properly reversed.

Salary transactions for FY23 need to be processed by the deadlines in the FY 2023 Year-End Closing Schedule. Payroll transactions for wages earned during FY23 will be accrued by General Accounting based on information from the Payroll department on a bi-weekly basis through August 11, 2023.

During the dates below, any non-salary expenses related to FY 2023 will be accrued per the thresholds specified below:

July 1-7, 2023

Accrue all FY23 expenses. Accounts Payable will enter invoices, travel and business reimbursements into FY23 with a June 30, 2023, invoice and processing date.

July 8-31, 2023

Accounts Payable will enter invoices and travel and business expense reimbursements in current period of new fiscal year with an invoice date of June 30, 2023, or prior. General Accounting will accrue all invoices, travel and business reimbursements related to FY23 for Drexel, the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO.

August 1-5, 2023

Accounts Payable will enter invoices and travel and business expense reimbursements in current period of new fiscal year with an invoice date of June 30, 2023, or prior. General Accounting will only accrue invoices, travel and business reimbursements transactions related to FY23 more than $25,000 for Drexel and more than $5,000 for the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO.

August 6-12, 2023

Accounts Payable will enter invoices and travel and business expense reimbursements in current period of new fiscal year with an invoice date of June 30, 2023, or prior. General Accounting will only accrue invoices and travel and business expense reimbursement-related transactions related to FY23 more than $50,000 for Drexel and more than $25,000 for the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO.

 

August 13-September 2, 2023

Accounts Payable will enter invoices and travel and business expense reimbursements in current period of new fiscal year with an invoice date of June 30, 2023, or prior. General Accounting will accrue only FY23 expenses more than $100,000 for Drexel and more than $50,000 for the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO with approval of the Associate Vice President and Comptroller.

Accrued Accounts Receivable

Drexel University, the Academy of Natural Sciences, and DUO must recognize all revenue for goods and services provided by the University that were earned on or before June 30 of each fiscal year. For the fiscal year 2023 close, we will follow the schedule listed below to evaluate receipts and recognize revenue. When the entry for the receivable is processed by General Accounting, the reversal for the accrued amount will be automatically reversed in the current period of the new fiscal year.

July 1-31, 2023

General Accounting will set up a receivable for all receipts received in July which are related to services provided on or before June 30, 2023.

August 1-15, 2023

General Accounting will set up a receivable for all receipts received in July which are related to services provided on or before June 30, 2023, more than $5,000 for Drexel and more than $1,000 for the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO.

August 16-September 2, 2023

General Accounting will set up a receivable for all receipts received in July which are related to services provided on or before June 30, 2023, more than $100,000 for Drexel and more than $50,000 for the Academy of Natural Sciences and DUO.

I value your feedback and encourage you to contact me with any questions or comments regarding the process that you may have. I can be reached by email at pjr27@drexel.edu or by phone at 215.571.4478.

Thank you for your continued support.