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Bar Examination General Information

The National Conference of Bar Examiners

The National Conference of Bar Examiners (NCBE) has developed the following four tests that are administered by participating jurisdictions:

  1. The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)
  2. The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE)
  3. The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE)
  4. The Multistate Performance Test (MPT).

The NCBE’s website is a rich resource for information on all four tests and includes study aids that are available for purchase. To access the NCBE website, click here.

The NCBE also publishes a Comprehensive Guide to Bar Admission Requirements that includes useful information about admission to each jurisdiction’s bar. To access the latest Guide, click here.

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)

The MPRE is a 125 minute, 60 multiple-choice question test required in all jurisdictions except Maryland, Washington, and Wisconsin. The MPRE is given in March, August, and November each year. The questions are based on the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct and the ABA Code of Judicial Conduct.

Most students take the MPRE before they graduate from law school since you can take the MPRE in any state and have your score submitted as part of the application process for the state bar exam you are taking. You need to separately register for the MPRE. To register, click here

For more information about the MPRE and sample questions, you can download the MPRE Information Booklet by clicking here

 

The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE)

The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is a six-hour, 200 multiple-choice question test administered by 48 states and the District of Columbia as part of their bar examinations. The only states that do not use the MBE are Louisiana and Washington. The MBE is administered each year on the last Wednesday in February and July.

Six subjects are tested on the MBE: Constitutional Law (33 questions); Contracts, including U.C.C. Article II, Sales (34 questions); Criminal Law, including Criminal Procedure (33 questions); Evidence (33 questions); Real Property, including Future Interests (33 questions); and Torts (34 questions). Subject matter outlines are available here.

For more information about the MBE and sample questions, you can download the MBE Information Booklet by clicking here

NOTE: You do not need to separately register for the MBE. Your registration for the bar exam in a jurisdiction that uses the MBE will also include your registration for the MBE.

 

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

The National Conference of Bar Examiners, which creates and administers the MBE, also has created the Multistate Performance Test (MPT). Currently, 34 jurisdictions administer the MPT, including Delaware, the District of Columbia, and New York.

Additional information about the MPT and summaries is available by clicking here.

 

Multistate Essay Exam (MEE)

The National Conference of Bar Examiners, which creates and administers the MBE, also has created the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE). Currently, 21 jurisdictions administer the MEE, including the District of Columbia.

Additional information about the MEE and sample questions are available by clicking here.