Epidemiology and Biostatistics
BA, History, Wesleyan University; MPH, Population and Family Health, Columbia University; PhD, Epidemiology, University of Michigan
I am a social and environmental epidemiologist. My research focuses on social and environmental determinants of chronic health conditions. My on-going work examines risk factors within residential environments that influence health behaviors related to obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recent work has been focused on studying policies that affect restaurant environments and diet, smoking behavior, as well as studying new pedestrian/bicycle infrastracture and physical activity outcomes. In addition, I have studied air pollution epidemiology and policies/infrastructure that promote or deter automobile use. In my work, I use spatial/GIS and advanced epidemiologic methods as well as simulation tools from complex systems modeling.
I am currently working on a cohort study that is assessing bicycle share program effects on physical activity; this work includes looking at income-disparities in program effects. I welcome epidemiology and biostatistics students who are interested in urban health, active transport and physical activity, and policy impacts on obesity and health behaviors that relate to chronic disease.
Examples of Doctoral Student Advisee Research
- The effect of macro-level factors (policies, prices, and neighborhood social environment) on smoking behavior in two multi-ethnic cohorts of U.S. adults (Stephanie Mayne)
- The price of unhealthy food relative to healthy food and the association with dietary quality, diabetes, and insulin resistance in a multi-ethnic population (David Kern)
Examples of Masters Student Advisee Research
- Associations between fast food locations, dietary intake, and hypertension(Xiao Cong)
- How healthy are chain restaurant menu items and what are customers purchasing? (Samantha Belitz)
- Assessment of physical activity levels after a greenway was built in SW Philadelphia (Jinggoafu Shi)
- Active transportation associations with body mass index and chronic health conditions (Kelly King)
- Cardiovascular disease
- Data Analysis Methods
- Global health or International health
- Health Disparities
- Health Economics
- Health Policy
- Spatial Analysis or GIS
- Urban Health
New publications under review/in press (*mentored student)
Kern DM*, Auchincloss AH, Stehr MF, Roux AVD, Moore LV, Kanter GP and Robinson LF. Neighborhood prices of healthier and unhealthier foods and associations with diet quality: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Under review.
Mayne SL*, Auchincloss AH, Tabb LP, Stehr M, Shikany JM, Schreiner PJ, Widome R and Gordon-Larsen P. Associations of bar and restaurant smoking bans with smoking behavior in the CARDIA Study: a 25-year study. American Journal of Epidemiology. Under review.
Kern DM*, Auchincloss AH, Stehr MF, Roux AVD, Moore LV, Kanter GP, Robinson LF. Neighborhood price of healthier food relative to unhealthy food and its association with type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Preventive Medicine. In press.
Barrientos-Gutierrez T, Moore K, Auchincloss AH, Mujahid MS, August C, Sanchez BN, Diez Roux AV. Neighborhood physical environment and changes in body mass index: Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Epidemiol. In press
Mayne SL*, Auchincloss AH, Stehr MF, Kern DM*, Navas-Acien A, Kaufman JD, Michael YL, Roux AVD. Longitudinal associations of local cigarette prices and smoking bans with smoking behavior in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Epidemiology. 2017;28:863-871.
Kern DM*, Auchincloss AH, Robinson LF, Stehr M, Pham-Kanter G. Healthy and unhealthy food prices across neighborhoods and their association with neighborhood socioeconomic status and proportion black/hispanic. Journal of Urban Health. 2017;94:494-505.
Kern DM*, Auchincloss AH, Robinson LF, Ballester LS*. Neighborhood variation in the price of soda relative to milk and its association with neighborhood socioeconomic status and race. Public Health Nutrition. 2016;19:3386-3396
Ballester LS*, Auchincloss AH, Robinson LF, Mayne SL*. Impact of taxes and hospitality bans on area-level variation in cigarette prices and smoking prevalence 2001-2011. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Mar 20;14(3). (First 2 authors contributed equally)
Peer-reviewed research articles in Google Scholar.