In 2008, the Supreme Court of Nepal recognized what maternal health advocates in Nepal had known for decades: the status of reproductive health of women in Nepal is in a serious state, and it is also clear that no plan has been made to address this problem. In the present context,
there are approximately six hundred thousand women suffering from the problem of uterus prolapse and it is also evident that no preventive or remedial programs focusing on problems relating to reproductive health and uterus prolapse have been initiated. The Supreme Court’s proclamation in this case, Prakash Mani Sharma v. Government of Nepal (Sharma), marked the first time that a legal body, international or national, has recognized explicitly that a high incidence of uterine prolapse may constitute a violation of human rights, including specifically
women’s reproductive rights.