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Lee Pachter

Lee Pachter, DO


Department: Pediatrics

Specialties: Pediatrics


  • Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Awards & Honors

  • Named "Top Doctor" by Philadelphia magazine (2014, 2015)

Lee Pachter, DO, is chief of the Section of General Pediatrics at St. Christopher's Hospital for Children in Philadelphia, Pa. He is board certified in pediatrics and has an interest in the effects of racial discrimination on mental and physical health and health care in children and adolescents.

Clinical Services


Affiliated Hospitals

St. Christopher's Hospital for Children


  • Children's Hospital of Philadelphia


  • St. Christopher's Hospital for Children

Dr. Pachter is a professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Drexel University College of Medicine.

The Perception of Racism in Children and Youth (PRaCY) Questionnaire

The PraCy is a instrument that measures self reported perceptions of racism and discrimination in youth between the ages of 8 and 18 years. It consists of 10 items that describe developmentally-appropriate settings and contexts where children and youth may experience racism and discrimination.

For each item answered affirmatively, respondents then answer a series of additional questions relating to:

  1. Frequency of occurrence
  2. Attribution
  3. Emotional response to the incident
  4. Coping response to the incident

The PraCY can be used as a simple scale (0-10) based on yes/no responses to individual items. In addition, researchers who are interested analyzing effects of frequency, attribution, emotional and coping responses to racist events can use the responses to the sub-questions in these domains.

For more information, please contact Dr. Pachter at

Related Articles

"Perceptions of Racism in Children and Youth (PraCY): Properties of a Self-report Instrument for Research on Children's Health and Development"
Lee M. Pachter, Laura A. Szalacha, Bruce A. Bernstein and Cynthia García Coll
Ethnicity & Health, Volume 15, Issue 1 (February 12, 2010)

"Racism and Child Health: A Review of the Literature and Future Directions"
Lee M. Pachter and Cynthia García Coll
pub. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Vol. 30, No. 3 (June 2009)

"Perceived Racism and Discrimination in Children and Youth: An Exploratory Study"
Lee M. Pachter, Bruce A. Bernstein, Laura A. Szalacha and Cynthia García Coll
Health & SociaL Work, Vol. 35, No. 1 (February 2010)

This project was supported by Grant K23 HD040348 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

Download or View the Questionnaires

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St. Christopher's Hospital for Children is a primary academic campus of Drexel University College of Medicine. Its physicians are non-compensated members of the teaching faculty of Drexel University College of Medicine and its clinical practices are independent of Drexel University.

Contact Information

Practice Office

St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
160 East Erie Avenue
Philadelphia, PA 19134
Phone: 215.427.5000
Fax: 215.427.5555