U=U: Frequently Asked Questions
What is U=U?
How do you become HIV undetectable?
Taking your medication every day and following up with your doctor is vital to accomplishing an undectable HIV load!
- Viral Load is the number of copies of HIV virus in your blood.
- A lab test is done every 3-6 months to make sure your viral load goes down.
- The goal is to be "undetectable" where the viral load is below the level that the test can measure.
Why is this important?
Concern about disease transmission can greatly affect the lives of many people living with HIV.
Many abstain from sexual activity for fear of transmission, and/or fear seeking treatment due to the stigma.
However, it is important to know that there are several medications available to help HIV positive individuals live with an undetectable viral load.
With this new research, individuals can live free of the fear of transmission.
The Evidence-based Research
How did we get to know that undectable=untransmittable?
- This isn’t a theory.
- Four major studies: HPTN 052, PARTNER 1, PARTNER 2 and Opposites Attract followed couples where one partner was HIV positive and undectable and the other was HIV negative.
- Each study showed that sexual activity did not result in the transmission of HIV in these individuals.
Learn more about these trials:
How to Contact Us
What can you do?
Additional Frequently Asked Questions
If I am undectable do I have to continue taking my medications?
YES!! HIV still lives inside your body so you need to take your medication in order to MAINTAIN an undectable viral load.
If I am undectable should my partner and I still use condoms?
Your HIV medication only treats HIV and does not treat any other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). If you are worried about STDs or pregnancy you should continue to use a condom.
If my partner is HIV negative, should they continue to use PrEP?
It is up to you and your partner to decide how to have a safe sex life. HIV negative partners might choose to continue taking PrEP if they have more than one partner of if they are unsure of a partner's HIV status.
The information on these pages is provided for general information only and should not be used for diagnosis or treatment, or as a substitute for consultation with a physician or health care professional. If you have specific questions or concerns about your health, you should consult your health care professional.
The images being used are for illustrative purposes only; any person depicted is a model.
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