Physics Colloquium: Non-reciprocity in Collective Phenomena: Pattern-formation, Synchronization ...
Thursday, January 28, 2021
3:30 PM-4:30 PM
Vincenzo Vitelli, PhD, University of Chicago
Department of Physics,
James Franck Institute and the College
Non-reciprocity in Collective Phenomena: Pattern-formation, Synchronization and Flocking
The interaction between a peregrine falcon and a dove is visibly non-reciprocal. Unlike the dogma preached by Newton’s third law, the actions they exert on each other are by no means equal and opposite. What happens to the well established framework of phase transitions in non-reciprocal systems far from equilibrium?
In this talk, I will answer this question by looking at three archetypal classes of self-organization out of equilibrium: synchronization, flocking and pattern formation. Simple demonstrations with robots will be presented along with naturally occurring phenomena from various domains of science that share a common feature: reciprocity has no reason to exist. In all these cases, the emergence of unique time-dependent many-body phases can be captured by combining insights from non-Hermitian quantum mechanics and bifurcation theory. This approach lays the foundation for a general theory of critical phenomena in non-reciprocal matter.
Professor Jorn Venderbos
Disque Hall, Room 919, 32 South 32nd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104
- Undergraduate Students
- Graduate Students