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About the Authors:
Symposium: Business Improvement Districts and
the Evolution of Urban Governance
Fall 2010 | Volume 3 Number 1

Richardson Dillworth
Introduction (pdf) 
Associate Professor of Political Science and Director of the Center for Public Policy, Drexel University


Gerald E. Frug 
The Seductions of Form (pdf) 
Louis D. Brandeis Professor of Law, Harvard Law School


Richard Briffault 
The Business Improvement District Comes of Age (pdf)
Joseph P. Chamberlain Professor of Legislation, Columbia Law School


Nicolle Stelle Garnett
Governing? Gentrifying? Seceding? Real-Time Answers to Questions About Business Improvement Districts (pdf) 
Professor of Law, University of Notre Dame Law School


Richard Schragger
Does Governance Matter? The Case of Business Improvement Districts and the Urban Resurgence (pdf) 
Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law


Paul R. Levy
Business Improvements in Philadelphia: A Practitioner's Perspective (pdf) 
Founding Chief Executive of Philadelphia's Center City District


Daniel Hoffman and Lawrence O. Houstoun, Jr.
Business Improvement Districts as a Tool for Improving Philadelphia's Economy (pdf)

Daniel Hoffman:

Lawrence O. Houstoun, Jr.:


Wayne Batchis
Privatized Government in a Diverse Urban Neighborhood: Mt. Airy Business Improvement District (pdf) 
Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Delaware


Thomas J.B. Cole
The Chestnut Hill Business Improvement District: Learning from other BIDs (pdf) 
Thomas J.B. Cole is an executive editor of articles for the Drexel Law Review


Richard M. Flanagan
Manayunk Development Corporation: The Search for Sustainable Gentrification and a Parking Spot (pdf) 
Associate Professor of Political Science, College of Staten Island, The City University of New York


Juliet F. Gainsborough
The Sports Complex Special Services District: Thirty Million Dollars for Your Trouble (pdf) 
Founding Chief Executive of Philadelphia's Center City District


Jill Simone Gross
The Aramingo Avenue Shopping District: Stakeholder's Bridge or Border Divide? (pdf) 
Associate Professor of Political Science in the Department of Urban Affairs and Planning, Hunter College of the City University of New York


Seth A. Grossman
The Chestnut Hill Business Improvement District: Learning from other BIDs (pdf)
Director of the Institute of Business Management, Rutgers University School of Public Affairs and Administration
Executive Director of the Ironbound Business Improvement District, Newark, New Jersey


Jerome Hodos
Whose Neighborhood is it, Anyway? The South Street/Headhouse District (pdf) 
Associate Professor of Sociology, Franklin & Marshall College


Dorothy Ives-Dewey
Clean, Safe, and Pretty: The Emerging Planning Role of the Old City District (pdf) 
Associate Professor, Geography and Planning Department, West Chester University


Jonathan B. Justice
Moving On: The East Passyunk Avenue Business Improvement District (pdf) 
Associate Professor, School of Urban Affairs and Public Policy, University of Delaware


Whitney Kummerow
Finding Opportunity while Meeting Needs: The Frankford Special Services District (pdf) 
Law Clerk, U.S. Department of Labor
Earle Mack School of Law, Class of 2010


Aman McLeod
The Port Richmond Industrial Development Enterprise: A Successful Model for Preserving Urban Industry (pdf) 
Assistant Professor of Political Science,  Rutgers University - Camden
Visiting Assistant Professor of Law, Rutgers School of Law - Camden


Göktuğ Morçöl
Center City District: A Case of Comprehensive Downtown BIDs (pdf)
Associate Professor of Public Policy and Administration, Pennsylvania State University - Harrisburg


Christine Kelleher Palus
There is No Line: The City Avenue Special Services District (pdf) 
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Villanova University


Fayth Ruffin
Roxborough on the Rise: A Case of Generating Sustainable Buy-In (pdf) 
Organization Development Practitioner, Research Analyst, and Lecturer
Lecturer, School of Public Affairs and Administration, Rutgers University


Robert Stokes
The Challenge of Using BIDs in Lower-Income Areas: The Case of Germantown, Philadelphia (pdf) 
Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Environmental Studies and Policy Programs, Drexel University


Thomas J. Vicino
New Boundaries of Urban Governance: An Analysis of Philadelphia's University City Improvement District (pdf) 
Assistant Professor of Political Science, Northeastern University


Craig M. Wheeland
The Greater Cheltenham Avenue Business Improvement District: Fostering Business and Creating Community Across City and Suburb (pdf) 
Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs and Professor of Political Science, Villanova University