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Tiago Saraiva

Tiago Saraiva, PhD

Assistant Professor
Department of History
Center for Science, Technology and Society
Office: 5014 MacAlister
Phone: 215.895.6870


  • PhD, History of Science, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 2004
  • BSc, Materials Engineering, Superior Technical Institute (IST), Technical University of Lisbon, 1997

Curriculum Vitae:


Research Interests:

Science and Fascism (Italy, Germany, Portugal), Science and Agribusiness, Science and Environment in Contemporary History, Industrialized Organisms and Food, and Genetics Research.


My work deals with the historical connections between science, food, and landscapes. Currently, I explore oranges’ role in globalizing California in the first half of the Twentieth Century. Mixing approaches from history of technology, history of science, and environmental history, I delve into the practices of scientists in producing a standardized landscape by tracing the trajectory of scientific objects from the laboratory into the field. I follow the transnational circulation of Californian oranges and scientists into the Mediterranean (Israel, Spain, and Algeria) as well as into the “New Mediterranean” areas of South Africa and Australia. I am interested in what comes attached to Californian technoscientific oranges such as cooperative modes of production, racial relations, and urbanization patterns.

My approach to citrus draws heavily on my previous research on genetics, food, and fascism. In the last five years I’ve been treating with emblematic themes of fascist ideology, such as ‘rootedness in the soil’ and Lebensraum, by looking at the cultivated plants and domestic animals that materialized these ideas in the landscape in Italy, Germany, and Portugal, and their respective imperial territories in Eastern Europe and Africa. Mussolini’s Battle of Wheat, for example, was explored through the production of new elite seeds by Italian geneticists responsible for an early European version of the Green Revolution. The Nazi efforts to root Germans in the national soil were approached through animal geneticists’ efforts to develop hogs fed exclusively with products from the German soil. The latter story suggests the title of my new book manuscript, “Fascist Pigs: Genetics, Food and Fascism”. By connecting geneticists’ research and food policies of three different fascist regimes, it aspires to make laboratory production of industrialized organisms a central component of the history of fascism.

Before enrolling in the STS scene at Drexel University I was a research fellow at the Institute of Social Sciences (ICS) of the University of Lisbon for seven years. At ICS, as well as through my appointments as visiting professor at UCLA (2007/2008 and 2011) and UC Berkeley (2011/2012), I lectured several graduate and undergraduate courses in the history of the life sciences, history of technology, and environmental history.


History of science and technology, transnational history, food and environment, history of the life sciences, science and fascism

Selected Publications:


  • Tiago Saraiva (in preparation), Fascist Pigs: Genetics, Industrialized Organisms, and the Building of Fascism
  • Tiago Saraiva (2005), Ciencia y Ciudad. Madrid y Lisboa (1851-1900)(Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid)
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva (2002), Los Públicos de la ciencia en España, siglos XVIII a XX (Madrid: Fundación Española para la Ciencia y la Tecnología).

Edited volumes

  • Manuel Villaverde Cabral, Filipe Carreira da Silva and Tiago Saraiva (eds.) (2008), Cidade e Cidadania (Lisbon: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais).
  • Antonio Lafuente, Ana Cardoso de Matos and Tiago Saraiva (eds.) (2007), Maquinismo Ibérico(Aranjuez: Doce Calles).
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva (eds.) (1998), Imágenes de la ciencia en la España contemporánea (Madrid: Fundación Telefónica / Residencia de Estudiantes).


  • Tiago Saraiva (forthcoming), “Fascist Technological Landscapes: Wheat, Dams, and Forests and the Making of the Portuguese New State”, Environmental History.
  • Tiago Saraiva and M. Norton Wise (eds.) (2010), “Autarky/Autarchy: Genetics and the Political Economy of Fascism”, Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 40, (4): 419-428.
  • Tiago Saraiva (2010), “Fascist Labscapes: Genetics, Wheat and the Landscapes of Fascism in Italy and Portugal”, Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 40, (4): 457-498.
  • Tiago Saraiva (2009), "Laboratories and Landscapes: the Colonization of Portugal and Mozambique and the Building of the New State", HoST, Journal of History of Science and Technology, 3: 7-39.
  • Tiago Saraiva (2007), “Inventing the Technological Nation: the Example of Portugal (1851-1898)”, History and Technology, 23 (3): 263-273.
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva (2004), “The Urban Scale of Science and the Enlargement of Madrid”, Social Studies of Science, 34: 531-569.

Book chapters

  • Tiago Saraiva (forthcoming), “Scienze, Autarchia e Guerra”, in Francesco Cassata and Claudio Pogliano (eds.), Storia d’Italia – Annale Scienza (Torino: Einaudi).
  • Tiago Saraiva (forthcoming), “Banking the Commons: Gene Banks and the Building of Europe”, in Nil Disco and Eda Kranakis (eds.), Technology and Transnational Commons in Europe (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, forthcoming).
  • Tiago Saraiva (2009), "A City for a Technical School. Spanish Civil Engineers and the Expansion of Madrid", in Jogos de Identidade Profissional: os Engenheiros entre a formação e a acção, Ana Cardoso de Matos, Maria Paula Diogo, Irina Gouzevitch, André Grelon (eds.) (Lisboa: Colibri/CIDEHUS/CIHUCT).
  • Tiago Saraiva (2008), “Cidadão Cyborg”, in Manuel Villaverde Cabral, Filipe Carreira da Silva and Tiago Saraiva (eds.), Cidade e Cidadania, Lisboa: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, pp: 107-128.
  • Tiago Saraiva, Ana Delicado, Cristiana Bastos (2008), “Configurações da investigação científica em Portugal: três estudos de caso”, in Manuel Villaverde Cabral et al, Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS, Lisboa: Imprensa de Ciências Sociais, pp: 429-450.
  • Luísa Schmidt, Tiago Saraiva and João Pato (2008) "Águas da Capital -150 anos de uma história pouco fluida", in Itinerários. A investigação nos 25 anos do ICS, ed. Manuel Villaverde Cabral et al, Lisboa: ICS, pp.331-351.
  • Filipe Carreira da Silva, Sofia Aboim, Tiago Saraiva (2008), "Participação cívica e vida urbana em Portugal", in Cidade e Cidadania, Lisboa: ICS, pp. 243-269.
  • Manuel Villaverde Cabral, Filipe Carreira da Silva, Tiago Saraiva, "Introdução", in Cidade e Cidadania, Lisboa: ICS, 2008, pp. 17-28.
  • Tiago Saraiva, Antonio Lafuente and Ana Cardoso de Matos (2007), “Tecnología y Frontera: la invención fracasada de Iberia”, in Antonio Lafuente, Ana Cardoso de Matos y Tiago Saraiva (eds.), Maquinismo Ibérico, Aranjuez: Doce Calles: pp 15-32.
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva (2001), “The Savant’s Drama: Two Cultures and Two Shores”, in J. J. Saldaña (ed.), Science and Cultural Diversity, Filling a Gap in the History of Science, México: Cuadernos de QUIPU.
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva...(2001), “El ensanche de la ciencia, (1834-1936)”, en Virgilio Pinto (dir.), Madrid, atlas histórico de la ciudad, 1850-1939, Madrid: Lunwerg. (140-169)
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago saraiva (2000) “Cultura científica e cultura de massas: novas freguesias e novos rituais”, in Ana Leonor Pereira e João Rui Pita, Egas Moniz em livre exame, Coimbra: Minerva.
  • Tiago Saraiva (1998) “Cultura científica na periferia: a Exposição Universal de Barcelona de 1888”, in J.A. Mourão et. al. (coord.) O mundo ibero-americano nas grandes exposições, Lisboa: Vega.
  • Antonio Lafuente and Tiago Saraiva (1998) “Ciência, técnica e cultura de massas”, inJ. A. Mourão et. al. (coord.) O mundo ibero-americano nas grandes exposições, Lisboa: Vega.